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U.S. Congress

Carl Malamud

Report to the Congress—Submitted on March 13, 2007

Introduction

By the end of the 110th Congress, the U.S. House of Representatives could achieve the goal of providing broadcast-quality video of all hearings and the floor for download on the Internet.

Summary

This collection consists of a variety of materials prepared to demonstrate to Congressional officials that a substantial upgrade in the quality of their video record of hearings is in order. The collection consists of three types of activities. First, a large number of hearings were "ripped" off of the streaming media servers used by the U.S. Congress and posted to the Internet Archive and Google Video. Second, an unsolicited report was submitted to the Speaker of the House. Third, after a series of discussions with the Office of the Speaker, the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, and officials from the Committees on House Administration, Oversight, Judiciary, and Energy/Commerce, a series of high-resolution MPEG-2 streams from selected hearings are being posted.

Further Reading

Report to the Speaker of the House

Boing. Boing. Boing.

All the Government's Information (A Google Tech Talk)

Three Solutions

The original Report to the Speaker was originally posted March 13, 2007. On August 3, 2007, we were pleased to give the following updates:

  1. As a short-term solution, private citizens are now able to order full-resolution discs of committee hearings directly from the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives. The service is known as First Call+, their phone number is (202) 225-8000, and the order form is here. Note that in order to get a committee hearing, you must first get the form signed by the committee chairman. To date, four committees have agreed to such postings. You may find examples here on the Internet Archive from the committees on Energy/Commerce (this one features Chad Hurley in a suit!), House Administration (check out the Diebold machine getting hacked!), Oversight, and Judiciary.
  2. Several months of feasibility studies, discussions, and other investigation have resulted in a recommendation by the Advanced Business Solutions unit of the Chief Administrative Officer. A medium-term solution was considered, consisting of copying thee contents of DVD jukebox maintained by the House Recording Studio onto an FTP server. At 3.6 gbytes/hour, the number of users would be small, and one can always throttle the bandwidth. If there isn't enough space for all 11,000 hours in the archive dating back to the beginning of 2005, it was proposed that the cache size could be limited, discs could be put on-line for a period of time, and then rotated with fresh material. Groups such as the Internet Archive, Google Video, and the Government Printing Office have all agreed this is a feasible solution and they would grab the files and distribute them further. The analysis of this short-term solution by the Advanced Business Solutions unit has concluded: “from a technical stand point we now know this is very easy and inexpensive to do.”
  3. As a long-term strategy, the Office of the Speaker has conducted a large number of meetings, as has the Committee on House Administration, the Chief Administrative Officer, and several other groups. There is a concrete, funded set of initiatives to finish the wiring of the rooms so that all hearings have video coverage, and it is clear from a technical point of view that it is possible to achieve the goal of broadcast-quality video for download on the Internet by the end of the 110th congress. The recommendation to adopt that goal is currently awaiting action from the Office of the Speaker and the Chairman of the Committee on House Administration.

Carl Malamud (carl AT media.org) for Public.Resource.Org.

Additional Resources


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United States Government Films
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U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1a:hrs01IR_2172_110118 - Rayburn 2172 - Sudan at the Crossroads - The Honorable Princeton Lyman, Special Advisor for Sudan, U.S. Department of State.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1a:hrs01IR2200_110405 - Rayburn 2200 - Israel's Security Requirements for Defensible Borders - Committee Briefing: Ambassador Dore Gold: Former Israeli Permanent Representative to the United Nations and the current president of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs; Major General (res.) Uzi Dayan: Former head of Israel's Central Command, deputy chief of staff of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), national security advisor to Israeli Prime Ministers Ehud...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-07-17 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB VENEZUELA: LOOKING AHEAD (Part 2)
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-4:hrs04IR2172_110119 - Rayburn 2172 - Assessing China's Behavior and its Impact on U.S. Interests - The briefing will be called to order. Welcome to my fellow members of the committee, our distinguished panel of witnesses, honored champions of the struggle for human rights in China, who are joining us today, ladies and gentlemen. There is an old saying that the Chinese invoke when they wish to avoid political discourse with the central powers in Beijing; the...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-06-16 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB EXPLORING THE NATURE OF UIGHUR NATIONALISM: FREEDOM FIGHTERS OR TERRORISTS?
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-07-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB THE CRISIS IN HONDURAS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-12-09 Room: 2200 Rayburn HOB A STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC REVIEW OF AEROSPACE EXPORTS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-4:hrs04IR2172_110125 - Rayburn 2172 - The United Nations: Urgent Problems that Need Congressional Action - 'With significant leadership by the United States, the United Nations was founded on high ideals. The pursuit of international peace and development, and the promotion of basic human rights are core, historic concerns of the American people. At its best, the U.N. can play an important role in promoting U.S. interests and international security, but...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-12-02 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB U.S. STRATEGY IN AFGHANISTAN
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-06-17 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB NORTH KOREA’S NUCLEAR AND MISSILE TESTS AND THE SIX-PARTY TALKS: WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE?
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-05-14 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB THE UNITED STATES AND TURKEY: A MODEL PARTNERSHIP
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-03-17 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB U.S.-JAPAN RELATIONS: ENDURING TIES, RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-06-05 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB MORE THAN JUST ENRICHMENT: IRAN’S STRATEGIC ASPIRATIONS AND THE FUTURE OF THE MIDDLE EAST
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2011-03-03 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-05-14 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB REAFFIRMING SUPPORT FOR THE LEGITIMATE, DEMOCRATICALLY- ELECTED GOVERNMENT OF LEBANON
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-10-29 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB A CALL TO ACTION ON FOOD SECURITY: THE ADMINISTRATION’S GLOBAL STRATEGY
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-05-08 Room: 2226 Rayburn HOB ENTRAL AMERICA AND THE MERIDA INITIATIVE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-04-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB Update on Military Situation in Iraq Part 2
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2011-01-25 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-03-18 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB NEXT STEPS FOR HONDURAS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-06-25 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB MORE THAN JUST THE 123 AGREEMENT: THE FUTURE OF U.S.-INDO RELATIONS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-05-06 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB HIGHER EDUCATION IN AFRICA: MAKING THE LINK BETWEEN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-09-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB U.S.-CHINA RELATIONS: MAXIMIZING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC DIALOGUE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-10-21 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB INTERNATIONAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: STORIES AND SOLUTIONS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-06-19 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB U.S. EFFORTS TO COMBAT ARMS TRAFFICKING TO MEXICO: REPORT FROM THE GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2011-04-05 Room: 2200 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-04-24 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB WAR POWERS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH PERSPECTIVE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-04-23 Room: 2200 Rayburn HOB THE BUCHAREST SUMMIT AND THE WAY FORWARD FOR NATO
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-05-22 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB CITY ON THE HILL OR JUST ANOTHER COUNTRY? THE UNITED STATES AND THE PROMOTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-06-25 Room: 2200 Rayburn HOB JAPAN’S CHANGING ROLE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-09-23 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB THE HURRICANES IN HAITI: DISASTER AND RECOVERY
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-07-22 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB IRAN: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. POLICY
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-10-15 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB ASSESSING U.S. DRUG POLICY IN THE AMERICAS
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2008-06-11 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB RELEASE AND REVIEW OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE REPORT: “THE DECLINE IN AMERICA’S REPUTATION: WHY?”
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2011-01-18 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2011-01-19 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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U.S. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2009-12-03 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB SUDAN: A REVIEW OF THE ADMINISTRATION’S NEW POLICY AND A SITUATION UPDATE
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs